English: Thomas Hobbes Македонски: Томас Хобс John Locke Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The religious and political conflicts of 17th-Century Europe were reflected in the art, literature and political thought of the time. Art produced during the movements of Mannerism and the Baroque period aroused the emotions. Political thinkers debated concerns about power, order and the purpose of government.
For how long did Bernini work in St. Peter’s and what was his last work there?
Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Self-Portrait (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
One of the most famous Baroque artists is the Italian painter Caravaggio. Look at his painting “The Conversion of St Paul” then discuss which Baroque characteristics you see in the painting. (for an explanation of what is going on in the painting, click on the “more” hyperlink at the top of the art page).
Read about Artemisia Gentileschi and answer the questions below. Click on the letter next to the question for your link to the answer:
Artemisia Gentileschi – Judith and Holofernes (Photo credit: FLORENCEandTUSCANYtours)
a. Who was Artemisia’s father and what did he do for a living?
b. What Baroque artist was a friend of the Gentileschi family & influenced Artemisia?
c. Was there discrimination against women in the art world? Give an example to support your answer.
d. Look at “Susanna and the Elders.” What, according to the author, is the main difference in how Gentileschi painted Susanna and how her male counterparts did? Why was this?
e. Artemisia Gentileschi is called the first feminist painter because many of her paintings portrayed men, submissive, at the hands of strong women. What traumatic event in her life may have influenced her paintings this way?
THINK About It…
Look closely at Caravaggio’s and Gentileschi’s “Judith Beheading/Slaying Holofernes.” It is the same subject matter and both are strong examples of Baroque style. However, the emotion and drama of the moment are different. Compare the artistic style (i.e. which Baroque techniques do you see in each), then contrast the emotion portrayed in each using facts to explain why they are so different.
1. What is the name of the radical book in which John Locke anonymously expresses his views about government?
2. According to Locke, what was the government morally obliged to do and how would it accomplish it?
3. What type of government did Locke favor?
THINK About It…
In your opinion, whose political ideas were more compatible with absolutism? Support your answer with two facts you read.
The end product should be a self created form of a 17th Century Government. If you side with Hobbes, you are to write your own “social contract”. If Locke is your inspiration, what kind of government are you in favor of, and what morale obligations does that government owe its citizens.